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Published: March 27, 2024

Common Pediatric Neurosurgery Procedures - NJ Pediatric Neuroscience Institute

Pediatric neurosurgery is a specialized field that focuses on treating brain conditions in children. Since children's brains are still developing, surgery may be necessary to address certain medical issues. This type of surgery is a key part of the treatment plan for children who need surgical intervention to improve their health.

When Pediatric Neurosurgery Procedures Become an Option

A child's brain can be affected by various health conditions, some of which are present from birth, while others develop over time or result from injuries. A pediatric neurosurgeon will carefully consider the best treatment options for each patient, often opting for conservative methods before considering surgery. However, in some cases, surgery may be necessary to address a brain disorder. It is important to trust the expertise of the medical professionals involved in making these decisions.

Common Pediatric Neurosurgery Procedures

Pediatric neurosurgical procedures can range from intensive to minimally invasive, with advancements in techniques leading to newer procedures that are safer and less invasive. These procedures are used to treat various conditions in children. Some common pediatric neurosurgery procedures include:

1. Removal or Debulking of Brain Tumors

Debulking surgery is a procedure where a surgeon removes a portion of a tumor that can be safely taken out. This is done to lessen the pressure the tumor puts on the brain. A pediatric neurosurgeon performs this surgery and will not touch the part of the tumor that cannot be removed to avoid harming the brain.

Resection is a surgery where doctors remove a brain tumor completely. They always aim to take out the entire tumor without causing harm to the patient.

Sometimes, a tumor located at the base of the skull or the top of the spine can be reached through the nose and sinuses. In these cases, neurosurgeons opt for a less invasive procedure called an endonasal endoscopy. This involves removing the tumor through the nose and sinuses using a tool called an endoscope.

2. Biopsy

A biopsy is a small surgical procedure done to help diagnose any abnormalities in the brain. During this procedure, a neurosurgeon will remove a tiny piece of tissue from an unusual growth or lesion in the brain. This tissue sample will then be sent for testing to determine the nature of the growth. This information will help the neurosurgeon in planning the best course of treatment for their patient.

3. Stopping a Brain Aneurysm (Micro-vascular Clipping or Embolization)

An aneurysm is a condition where a blood vessel swells up like a balloon and can burst if not treated. A pediatric neurosurgeon can prevent this by either blocking the blood flow to the aneurysm using a procedure called embolization, or by removing the artery that supplies blood to the affected vessel, known as microvascular clipping. These procedures are done to avoid the dangerous consequences of a bursting aneurysm.

4. Surgical Treatment for Nerve Injuries or Disorders

When a nerve is injured, it can affect how well a certain part of the body works. A pediatric neurosurgeon may be able to fix the damaged nerve to help improve function. In cases where a nerve disorder is causing muscle spasms, a neurosurgeon may perform a procedure called a rhizotomy. During this procedure, the surgeon locates the nerve responsible for the spasms and cuts it to help stop the spasms. They use electrical stimulation to help pinpoint the problem nerve.

A Pediatric Neurosurgeon Treats Common Neurological Disorders as Well

If your child has certain medical conditions like epilepsy, Down's syndrome, or cerebral palsy, their pediatrician may recommend seeing a pediatric neurosurgeon for further treatment. These specialists can perform surgical procedures that are often part of the treatment plan for these common conditions. By seeking out a consultation with a pediatric neurosurgeon, you can help improve your child's quality of life. Don't hesitate to reach out and schedule an appointment to learn more about how they can help.

If you're looking to schedule an appointment with Dr. Catherine Mazzola, a specialist in pediatric neurosurgery, you can contact at +197-3326-9000.  Read our google business reviews

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NOTICE: This website is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice or as a substitute for a patient/physician relationship.

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