January 2022 Newsletter – Concussion Awareness: What is a concussion?


January Newsletter








Did you know… during the last five NFL seasons, an average of 247 concussions were reported per year?









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What is a concussion?




A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. A concussion can also occur by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells. This sudden movement is often called whiplash.

Patients who show or report one or more of the signs and symptoms listed below may have a concussion or more serious brain injury.

Read more about our Concussion Center





How do I spot a concussion?




Common symptoms that may be reported by the athlete include:


  • Headache or “pressure” in the head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion
  • Not “feeling right”



Signs observed by parents, coaches, trainers or teammates include:

  • Appearing dazed or stunned
  • Can’t recall events PRIOR TO or AFTER a hit or fall
  • Confusion about assignment or position
  • Forgetting plays
  • Uncertainty of the game, score or opponent
  • Moving clumsily
  • Answering questions slowly
  • Losing consciousness
  • Showing behavioral or personality changes





What a concussion specialist will do to evaluate a concussion:




 At NJPNI, our highly specialized concussion providers will evaluate your child with a series of questions to determine what signs/symptoms your child exhibits. We will perform a thorough physical exam as well as an Impact test which is a computerized test that evaluates memory and reaction time which are often slowed with a head injury. Once all data is collected and exams are performed, we will formulate a recovery plan specific to your child’s needs to aid in recovery from the concussion. Each child’s recovery is a unique plan formulated with the provider, parents, child and school nurse.

We offer ImPACT testing





Concussion Management



Once a patient notices any of these signs/symptoms, the patient should immediately institute Brain Rest and Physical Rest as well as make an appointment with a concussion specialist for evaluation.

Brain Rest – limiting all electronic use, minimizing stimulation from light and noise, limit attending school or work as needed.

Physical Rest – no gym, no sports, no activities that increase heart rate.


Concussion or Headache Concerns? Request a Consultation









The Brain Injury Association of America
Think First: National Injury Prevention Foundation

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