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Published: July 18, 2023

Pediatric Hydrocephalus Surgery: Exploring Treatment Options

Hydrocephalus is a condition that requires immediate treatment to prevent potential cognitive and health complications in infants and young children. This blog post delves into the planning process for hydrocephalus treatment, the different surgical options available, and how the treatment choice depends on each patient's unique case.

Detecting and Diagnosing Pediatric Hydrocephalus

Detecting hydrocephalus during pregnancy allows for effective planning in delivering the baby and initiating treatment soon after birth. For cases that arise after birth, pediatricians utilize modern diagnostic tools such as MRI scanners, which provide accurate imaging without radiation and often without sedation, ensuring a safe diagnosis process.

Checkout our blog - Hydrocephalus in Pregnancy

Exploring Surgical Options

  • Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV): The latest advancement in hydrocephalus treatment, ETV offers a minimally invasive approach that provides several benefits for patients. Unlike traditional therapies, ETV does not require the placement of foreign objects in the brain, reducing the risks and discomfort associated with long-term shunting. By creating a small opening in a ventricle using a tiny surgical camera, ETV restores the natural flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), restoring balance and relieving pressure on the brain tissue. The entire surgery typically lasts around an hour and is performed under general anesthesia.
  • Shunt Placement: In some cases, a traditional hydrocephalus treatment method involving a shunt may be recommended. This approach involves inserting synthetic tubing to facilitate the drainage of excess CSF from the ventricular system to the abdomen. A valve within the shunt system regulates the flow of CSF.  Newer programmable valves allow medical professionals to magnetically adjust the valve’s setting as needed to optimize that excess CSFoutflow. When the excess CSF flows  into the abdomen, that body cavity absorbs the CSF, alleviating pressure on the brain and promoting normal head growth.

Conclusion

Pediatric hydrocephalus treatment has made significant progress, offering practical solutions for ensuring a brighter future for affected children. Early detection, accurate diagnosis, and personalized treatment plans contribute to positive outcomes. If you have concerns about your child's health or suspect hydrocephalus, it is crucial to consult a qualified medical professional specializing in pediatric neurosurgery. In New Jersey, the Pediatric Neuroscience Institute stands as a leading institution dedicated to providing comprehensive care for children with neurological conditions, including hydrocephalus. With their expertise and state-of-the-art facilities, they can guide you through the treatment process and support your child's journey toward a healthier and more independent life.

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NOTICE: This website is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice or as a substitute for a patient/physician relationship.

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