hello world!
Published: November 21, 2023

What are the top 5 treatment options for hydrocephalus your Toddler?

Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain, which can put pressure on the brain tissues. It can affect individuals of all ages, including toddlers. Timely and appropriate treatment is crucial for managing pediatric hydrocephalus and preventing potential complications. In this article, we will explore the top 5 treatment options for hydrocephalus in toddlers.

Here are top 5 treatment options for hydrocephalus your Toddler 

Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, leading to increased pressure. Here are five common treatment options:

1. Shunt Placement

Shunt placement is one of the most common and effective treatments for hydrocephalus in toddlers. A shunt is a thin, flexible tube that is surgically inserted into the brain to divert excess CSF away from the brain to another part of the body, usually the abdominal cavity or a chamber within the heart. This helps regulate the fluid buildup, relieving pressure on the brain.

Shunts come in various types, including ventriculoperitoneal (VP) and ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts. The choice of shunt depends on the specific needs of the child and the surgeon's recommendations. Regular follow-up appointments are necessary to monitor the shunt's function and make adjustments if needed.

2. Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV)

Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV) is a surgical procedure that offers an alternative to shunt placement, particularly in cases where shunt placement may not be the preferred option. During ETV, a small hole is made in the third ventricle of the brain, allowing CSF to flow more freely, relieving the buildup of fluid.

ETV is suitable for some pediatric hydrocephalus cases, but not all. It is essential to consult with a pediatric neurosurgeon to determine if ETV is a viable treatment option for your toddler.

3. Monitoring and Adjusting Shunts

If your child has already undergone shunt placement, it is crucial to understand that shunts may require monitoring and occasional adjustments throughout their lifespan. As a child grows, the shunt may need to be lengthened or replaced to accommodate their changing anatomy. Regular check-ups with a neurosurgeon are necessary to ensure the shunt functions correctly and to address any potential complications promptly.

4. Medication

In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage the symptoms associated with hydrocephalus. However, it's important to note that medication cannot cure hydrocephalus but can help control related issues such as seizures or headaches.

The choice of medication and its effectiveness will depend on the individual child's condition and the neurologist's recommendations. Medication is often used in conjunction with other treatment options.

5. Surgery for Underlying Causes

In certain instances, hydrocephalus may result from an underlying condition or blockage within the brain that needs surgical correction. Surgical procedures aimed at addressing these underlying causes may be necessary. For example, if a tumor is blocking the flow of CSF, surgery to remove the tumor may alleviate the hydrocephalus.

Read more about pediatric hydrocephalus:  All About Hydrocephalus - New Jersey Pediatric Neuroscience Institute

Do Children Recover from Hydrocephalus?

The outcome of hydrocephalus treatment in children varies depending on the severity of the condition and the timeliness of intervention. Many children with hydrocephalus go on to lead healthy lives with appropriate treatment and follow-up care.

However, it's important to recognize that hydrocephalus is a chronic condition that often requires ongoing management. Regular check-ups with pediatric neurosurgeons and neurologists are essential to monitor the child's progress and make any necessary adjustments to their treatment plan.


Pediatric hydrocephalus requires specialized care and treatment tailored to the individual child's needs. The top 5 treatment options for hydrocephalus in toddlers include shunt placement, Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV), monitoring and adjusting shunts, medication, and surgery for underlying causes. Each child's case is unique, and treatment decisions should be made in consultation with a team of pediatric specialists.

For expert care in pediatric neurosurgery, consider reaching out to the New Jersey Pediatric Neuroscience Institute. Their dedicated team of professionals specializes in the treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus and can provide the guidance and support your child needs on their journey to better health.

Schedule an Appointment Today

Caring for your child's well-being is our number one priority. 
Schedule an appointment with a world-class pediatric neurology and neurosurgery team at NJPNI now.
Schedule an Appointment Today

NOTICE: This website is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice or as a substitute for a patient/physician relationship.

NJPNI is committed to creating a culturally diverse, inclusive and collaborative community for patients and their families, employees and associates where each person is celebrated and has a sense of equal belonging. See our DEI Statement Page for more information.

NJPNI does not exclude, deny benefits to, or otherwise discriminate against any person on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, or on the basis of disability or age in admission to, participation in, or receipt of the services and benefits of any of its programs and activities or in employment therein. This statement is in accordance with the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Regulations of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued pursuant to the Acts, Title 45 Code of Federal Regulations part 80, 84, and 91.

linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram