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Published: July 31, 2023

When to Seek the Expertise of a Neurologist

Medically Reviewed & Written by:
Jeffrey Kornitzer, MD
Pediatric Neurologist
Updated On: 25 Oct 2023

The health and well-being of our children are paramount to every parent. As they grow, they will undoubtedly face various health challenges – from the common cold to more serious conditions. One area that sometimes gets overlooked, due to its complexity, is the neurological health of our children. While most pediatric concerns might be adequately addressed by a general pediatrician, there are times when the specialized expertise of a child neurologist becomes essential. But when exactly should you consider consulting one?

Understanding the Role of a Child Neurologist

Child neurologists specialize in diagnosing, treating, and managing disorders of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, muscles, and nerves) in children. Their expertise covers a wide range of conditions, from migraines to epilepsy, developmental disorders, and more. They combine the special skills of pediatrics and neurology to provide comprehensive care tailored to the needs of children.

Key Indicators to Consult a Child Neurologist

  • Developmental Delays: If your child isn't meeting specific developmental milestones – such as walking, talking, or other age-appropriate skills – it may be an indicator of a neurological issue. While many children catch up with their peers eventually, a noticeable lag can warrant further investigation.
  • Seizures or Epileptic Signs: Any episodes of uncontrolled movements, staring spells, or loss of consciousness might be a sign of a seizure. Epilepsy is a condition where a person has recurrent seizures due to a chronic underlying process.
  • Frequent or Severe Headaches: While occasional headaches can be common, frequent, severe, or migrainous episodes should be evaluated by a neurologist to rule out underlying conditions and provide effective treatment.
  • Muscle Weakness or Coordination Issues: If your child appears clumsy, has difficulty with fine motor skills, or experiences muscle weakness, it might be time to seek a specialized opinion.
  • Changes in Behavior or Mood: Sudden behavioral changes, mood swings, or academic struggles can sometimes be linked to neurological conditions. This might include attention problems, anxiety, or even bouts of aggression.
  • Neurogenetic Disorders: Conditions like neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, or Rett syndrome are complex neurogenetic disorders that require specialized care and monitoring.
  • Sleep Disturbances: While many children experience occasional sleep disruptions, chronic problems like insomnia, night terrors, or sleepwalking can sometimes have neurological roots.

When in Doubt, Seek Expertise

If your child is displaying symptoms or behaviors that concern you, the first step is always to consult your primary pediatrician. They can provide initial assessments and referrals if necessary. However, if your child's symptoms persist, worsen, or if you believe they might have a neurological component, don't hesitate to consult a child neurologist directly.


A child neurologist's expertise ensures that complex neurological conditions are accurately diagnosed, effectively treated, and well-managed throughout your child's developmental years. Remember, early intervention often leads to better outcomes. Prioritizing your child's neurological health today can pave the way for a healthier and brighter tomorrow.

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Caring for your child's well-being is our number one priority. 
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NOTICE: This website is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice or as a substitute for a patient/physician relationship.

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